Documents:

Final Evaluation Pikin to Pikin Tok Project Sierra Leone

Child to Child had been working in partnership with the Sierra Leonean NGO, the Pikin-To-Pikin Movement, to implement a 5 year community-based Early Childhood Development project in the remote Eastern district of Sierra Leone, when the Ebola outbreak halted all activities in March 2014.

We couldn’t continue our project as it was originally designed because it required children to come together in groups – a major public health hazard. So we turned to radio. Radio minimises the risk of Ebola transmission as no public gathering is required and allows larger numbers of beneficiaries to be reached.

In December 2014, we commissioned an award-winning radio production team to produce the radio educational series Pikin to Pikin Tok (which means Child to Child Talk in the local language Krio). In line with the objectives of our original project, the Pikin to Pikin Tok radio series is intended to enhance children’s social, numeracy, literacy and life skills. It is made up of three different programmes – Story Time, Under the Mango Tree and Messages Through Music – each of which target different age ranges. Many of the programmes address health and hygiene, critical issues in the wake of the Ebola outbreak.

In line with our ethos to work in partnership with children, we recruited and trained groups of children as ‘young journalists’. They have helped to identify stories, interview key stakeholders and record audio content. Our radio team mixes this audio content into high quality programmes which are then broadcast by local radio station Radio Moa across Kailahun District.

To make sure children are able to listen to Pikin to Pikin Tok, we have distributed hundreds of solar powered wind up radios. We have also created listener groups, where children come together supported by trained adult facilitators to listen to the programmes and engage in discussions about the issues being addressed. Children are encouraged to phone in after the radio broadcasts to express their views and opinions.

The project ended in 2016 and we can now share the final evaluation, written by the Institute for Development (IfD).

The Educational Knapsack

The Alforja Educativa (“Educational Knapsack”) is a set of play-based, practical activities focussing on harmony among all living things both visible and invisible. Developed by Ecuador-based Centro Niño a Niño (Child to Child Center – a partner of Child to Child)  in conjunction with ReAct LatinAmerica, the Knapsack is grounded in the indigenous cosmovision of “Sumak Kawsay” (“Good Living”) and uses Child to Child methodology to allow children to investigate, study, act, and communicate about the microbial world and its role in the web of life.

Within the framework of integral health, the children also study the effect of antibiotic abuse on helpful microbes, resulting in disharmony and the serious problem of antibiotic resistance. Another prominent theme is that of “Alegremia” (literally, “happiness in the blood”) and what is needed to assure health and happiness in this world. The knapsack includes activity guides, stories, videos and songs and is available on-line in Spanish.  Translation into English is underway.

Books:

Alforja Educativa: Salud Escolar y el Mundo Microbiano (Educational Knapsack: School Health and the Microbial World)

  1. Parte 1: Alimento para la vida, Aire, Agua (Part 1: Food for Life, Air, Water)
  2. Parte 2: Sumak Kawsay Entro Los Más Pequeños, Bacterias y Resistencia a los Antibióticos (Part 2: Good Living Among the Smallest Beings, Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance)

Paso a Paso: Promoviendo Salud en las Escuelas, el Hogar y la Comunidad (Step by Step: Promoting Health in Schools, the Home, and the Community)

Designed as a simple reader through which the story is told of the “School Health and Microbial World” project.

Paso a Paso: Promoviendo Salud en las Escuelas, el Hogar y la Comunidad (Step by Step: Promoting Health in Schools, the Home and the Community)

De los Más Pequeños a los Diminutos del Planeta (From the Smallest to the Tiniest on the Planet)

A book of stories about the magical world of bacteria, created by a group of 60 boys and girls from five schools in Cuenca, Ecuador.

De los Más Pequeños a los Diminutos del Planeta: Cuentos Bacterianos Escritos por Niños y Niñas (From the Smallest to the Tiniest on the Planet: Bacteria Stories written by Boys and Girls)

Songs:

Themes written and composed by the Cuban Ecologist Group in the Network, with upbeat rhythms and simple text, but with very clear and convincing messages about Sumak Kawsay, the world of bacteria, bacterial resistance, Alegremia and Child to Child.

Alforja Educativa – Educational Knapsack songs (folder 1 of 2)

Alforja Educativa – Educational Knapsack songs (folder 2 of 2)

Videos:

Stories constructed and told by boys and girls themselves that allow us to discover and develop the affection and empathy for all forms of life. The audiovisuals are in the same thematic areas as the songs.

All of the videos are available to download directly from the ReAct website.

For more information about the Knapsack project please email nanamericas@gmail.com or visit our project page.

UNGEI Study: Child Centred Education through Radio Project in Sierra Leone

The Pikin to Pikin Tok education through radio project has been recognised by the UN Girls Education Initiative (UNGEI) for its transformative impact on girls’ education, and the way in which gender issues are addressed in communities in post-Ebola Sierra Leone.

This case study was commissioned to document how effectively radio was used as a means to deliver:

  • early years and life skills educational content
  • psychosocial support to address the range of issues affecting children and young people impacted by Ebola.

The study was conducted by researchers from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Pikin to Pikin Movement and Child to Child. Findings include powerful examples of how messages on issues from teen pregnancy to hand-washing were relayed and retained, and how learning from the Story Time and Under the Mango Tree programmes was linked to the real lives of children.

Getting Ready for School Programme Evaluation for Year One

Produced by the independent evaluators AIR contracted by UNICEF, this evaluation of Year One of the Getting Ready for School programme aims at drawing conclusions about the success of this pilot programme overall and formulating general recommendations to guide future programme implementation and expansion within and across countries.

“There were at least some significant programme impacts on children’s school readiness in all six countries, and there were significant programme impacts on children’s beginning literacy and beginning mathematics in four countries. Impacts on non-academic skills, such as the ability to follow directions, were less consistent across countries. Programme impacts were most apparent in countries where children had a higher programme dosage (such as extra home- or community-based sessions).”

Getting Ready for School Evaluations Year 1 Grade 1

This evaluation, commissioned by UNICEF to the independent evaluation experts AIR, combined quantitative and qualitative data, in the aim of determining whether the low-cost, non-formal programme could indeed make an impact on children’s school readiness. The findings are intended to identify programme strengths, weaknesses, challenges and best practices to guide future implementation and expansion of this programme.

Among other findings, it was noted that the Getting Ready for School programme substantially improved on-time enrolment, children’s academic progress and adjustment to the classroom, and family involvement in primary school.

A toolkit for monitoring and evaluating children’s participation

Written by children’s rights experts Gerison Lansdown and Claire O’Kane, this toolkit provides a conceptual framework for measuring children’s participation, for analysing its progress in a particular setting and evaluating the scope and quality of participation. It also gives practical tools to gather the information needed to monitor children’s participation.

It can be used by organisations working directly with children, by child- and youth-led organisations, and by governments that are committed to fulfilling their obligations to respect children’s right to participate.

The toolkit consists of 6 booklets:

  • Booklet 1 Introduction
  • Booklet 2: Measuring the creation of a participatory and respectful environment for children
  • Booklet 3: How to measure the scope, quality and outcomes of children’s participation
  • Booklet 4: A 10-step guide to monitoring and evaluating children’s participation
  • Booklet 5: Tools for monitoring and evaluating children’s participation
  • Booklet 6: Children and young people’s experiences, advice and recommendations

To download the leaflet, click here.

Rebuilding Young Lives: Using the Child to Child approach with Children in Difficult Circumstances

This book looks at six different case studies, each with a focus on children in difficult circumstances. From Bhutanese refugee camps to unaccompanied child refugees in Zaire, the issues of partnership working, maintenance of rights and sustainability are explored. The remarkable resilience shown by children coping with disaster and trauma is also discussed.

Children in War: the role of Child to Child activities in the therapy and care of unaccompanied children

This publication looks at the issues facing unaccompanied children and the high vulnerability of their situation. It looks at the systems that can or cannot be put in place to cope and explores the use of Child to Child activities as a means of assisting with such issues as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD). It also assesses how Child to Child can reduce dependency on expatriate workers and induce sustainability in refugee relief centres.